Current Affair of 20 April 2018, Exam View.


Current Affair 20 April 2018
NATIONAL

Assam government’s cashless health scheme launched

Assam government’s new cashless health scheme, 'Atal Amrit Abhiyan' was launched by Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu on April 19, 2018.

  • The scheme has been named after former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
  • It offers free medical care of up to Rs 2 lakh to every individual belonging to Below Poverty Line (BPL) and Above Poverty Line (APL) families.
  • It will cover 92 per cent of the state's population with annual income below Rs 5 lakh.
  • The state government has allocated Rs 400 crore for the scheme in the financial year 2018-19.

Chhattisgarh govt to distribute free smartphones to over 50 lakh people

The Chhattisgarh government will start distributing smartphones to over 50 lakh people for free from May under the Sanchar Kranti Yojana (SKY).

  • Women heads of households will be the priority recipients of the smartphones.
  • The distribution would be taken up in two phases.

  • While in the first phase, 30 lakh smartphones will be given
  • 20 lakh given in 2nd phase
    • Under the scheme, 40 lakh phones will be given to women heads of households in villages having population of more than 1,000 while five lakh phones will be given to women heads belonging to poor families living in urban areas
    • five lakh phones will be given to college students.

    Chhattisgarh presently has the mobile phone connectivity in around 29 per cent of the total rural area.

    UIDAI brings updated QR code for offline Aadhaar verification

    To provide an extra layer of privacy to Aadhaar, UIDAI has introduced an updated 'QR code' that holds non-sensitive details like name, address, photo, and date of birth, and can be used for offline user verification without the 12-digit ID number.

    With Aadhaar increasingly becoming the nationally-accepted ID for all kinds of work, the new QR code, that now comes with photo, can be used in offline mode in a way that will safeguard against any tempering of documents.

    This new feature is available through Aadhaar downloads. Sensitive information would include details like bank accounts or biometrics, among others.

    INTERNATIONAL

    India and UK signed 10 agreements

    India and the UK have signed 10 agreements in several sectors including cyber-relationship, rejuvenation of Ganga and skill development.

    The two countries have agreed to an overarching cyber-relationship framework that among others enables the development of a common and shared understanding of the international cyber activity.

    On rejuvenation of River Ganga, National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) and the UK-based Natural Environmental Research Council (NERC) signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).

    The two countries also inked the deal on cooperation in the field of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries Sectors seeking to strengthen collaboration in livestock health and husbandry, breeding, dairying and fisheries.

    World Liver Day observed

    World Liver day is observed on the 19 April every year to spread awareness about the second largest organ in the body.

    This day is observed to build awareness and understanding how important the liver is for our body and how liver ailments can be treated and managed efficiently. As per the World Health Organisation (WHO), liver diseases are steadily increasing over the years. Liver disease is the tenth most common cause of fatality in India.

    Liver diseases can be caused by hepatitis A, B, C, alcohol and drugs. Viral Hepatitis occurs due to consumption of contaminated food and water, unsafe sexual practices and drug abuse.

    If it is not treated on time, these can lead to Liver Cirrhosis and Liver Cancer.

    Karan Johar to get a statue at Madame Tussauds

    Karan Johar has become the first Indian filmmaker to have his wax statue at the Madame Tussauds museum in London.

    His wax figure will not just be launched in one city but will simultaneously head out on tour across Asia. Since his debut as a director in ‘Kuch Kuch Hota Hai’, Karan has managed a career that goes well beyond just filmmaking.

    BUSINESS

    Airtel tops 4G download speed, Jio in coverage area: OpenSignal

    Bharti Airtel has topped the chart of 4G service providers with 9.31 mbps download speed on its network, a report by broadband parameters research firm OpenSignal said.

    Idea Cellular and Vodafone followed Airtel with 7.27 mbps and 6.98 mbps download speed respectively while Jio network was found to be the slowest compared to the three operators with a download speed of 5.13 mbps, according to tests conducted by OpenSignal between December 2017 to February 2018.

    "Airtel held onto our 3G and 4G speed awards since OpenSignal's last report, and it wrested our overall speed award away from Jio, locking down the top spot in all three of our speed categories. Jio, however, remained the closest contender in overall speed due to its high level of 4G access"

    Jio, however, found top spot in terms of 4G network coverage, as per the report."Jio continued to dominate our 4G availability metric as our testers were able to access an LTE (4G) signal 96.4 per cent of the time".

    SCIENCE & Technology

    NASA Planet Hunter on Its Way to Orbit

    NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) launched on the first-of-its-kind mission to find worlds beyond our solar system, including some that could support life.

    TESS is expected to reveal 20,000 planets beyond our solar system, including more than 50 Earth-sized planets & up to 500 planets less than twice the size of Earth.

    Tess will survey more cosmic terrain than its predecessor, Nasa’s Kepler Space Telescope.

    LIFE

    Star rating of Garbage-Free Cities

    • The 1st regional workshop on star rating of garbage- free cities was inaugurated recently.
    • It was organized by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) in collaboration with the New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC)
    • Along with the annual Swachh Survekshan activity, the star rating of garbage free cities will create a healthy competition among the cities to achieve the goals of cleanliness and 100% solid waste management.
    • The 7-star rating is innovatively designed on a SMART (Single metric, Measurable, Achievable, Rigorous verification and Targeted towards outcomes) approach.
    • It is the first-of-its kind rating tool for assessing cleanliness of cities and towns in India.
    • The system, based on 12 parameters, builds on the spirit of healthy competition among cities and the aspirations of cities to progress towards higher standards of “Swachhata” and its sustainability.
    • Strengths of star rating protocol -
    1. Outcome-based tool rather than process based
    2. Designed to enable cities to gradually evolve into a model (7-star) city
    3. At the 7-star level, components of 3R (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) are incorporated.

    Groundswell Report

    • World Bank released the Groundswell: Preparing for Internal Climate Migration report recently.
    • It examines the impacts of internal or in-country migration due to slow onset climate change events.
    • Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America could see more than 140 million people move within their countries’ borders by 2050 due to climate change impact.
    • The report is the first to look at such possible population distributions within countries.
    • It estimates that up to 86 million people could be displaced in Sub-Saharan Africa, 40 million in South Asia, and 17 million in Latin America.
    • These regions are the major climate “hot spots” and account for 55% of the developing world’s population.
    • The shift will likely involve the poorest people from the poorest countries moving in large numbers from rural regions to increasingly overburdened urban areas.
    • The report says that without prior planning, such dramatic swells of migration could lead to major disruption and instability.
    • The World Bank urged cities to prepare infrastructure, social services and employment opportunities ahead of the predicted influx.