Current Affair of 22 April 2018, Exam View.


Current Affair 22 April 2018
NATIONAL

Vice-President Inaugurates Civil Services Day Event in New Delhi

Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu on Friday inaugurated the two-day Civil Services Day event in New Delhi.

12th Civil Service Day
  • The Day focuses on the topic ‘Evolving Strategies for Transforming Aspirational Districts’.
  • The Vice President also released a book 'Emulating Excellence- Takeaways for Replication'.

This was the 12th Civil Service Day

e-SANAD Portal and National Academic Depository Integrated

The Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) has launched integration of e-SANAD portal and NAD – National Academic Depository in a bid to make education system in India more transparent.

e-SANAD Portal and National Academic Depository Integrated

e-Sanad is project aimed at online submission and verification of documents with ultimate object to easy, userfriendly, cashless, faceless and paperless document attestation service. It can be used to be autheticating any kind of ducument. Project was designed and being implemented by National Information Centre (NIC) in coordination with CBSE, States/UTs and Ministry of External Affairs in a phased manner.

National Academic Depository

National Academic Depository (NAD) is an initiative of Government of India, facilitated by MHRD. NAD is a national database set up to hold academic awards issued by Academic Institutions (AI) in an electronic form.

Cabinet Approves Promulgation of Fugitive Economic Offenders Ordinance

The Union Cabinet on Saturday approved the promulgation of the Fugitive Economic Offenders Ordinance 2018, which would empower the government to seize the domestic assets of those deemed by a relevant court to be fugitive economic offenders.

Cabinet Approves Promulgation of Fugitive Economic Offenders Ordinance
  • The Ordinance would lay down the measures to empower Indian authorities to attach and confiscate proceeds of crime associated with economic offenders and the properties of the economic offenders and thereby deter economic offenders from evading the process of Indian law by remaining outside the jurisdiction of Indian courts
  • The Ordinance is expected to re-establish the rule of law with respect to the fugitive economic offenders as they would be forced to return to India to face trial for scheduled offences.
  • This would also help the banks and other financial institutions to achieve higher recovery from financial defaults committed by such fugitive economic offenders, improving the financial health of such institutions.

The Ordinance has a provision for a ‘Special Court’ under the Prevention of Money-laundering Act, 2002 to declare a person as a Fugitive Economic Offender.

So as to ensure that the court is not over-burdened, only those cases where the total value involved in such offences is ₹ 100 crore or more will be within the purview of the Ordinance.

The Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha on March 12, but was not passed due to disruptions and adjournments in both Houses of Parliament. An ordinance is an executive order issued by the President of India — on the recommendation of the Union Cabinet — that holds the same force as an Act passed by Parliament.

Government launches Central Project Monitoring Unit for e-Vidhan project at Parliament

  • The unit was inaugurated by Union Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs, Statistics and Programme Implementation, Vijay Goel.
  • The new office of Central Project Monitoring Unit for the e-Vidhan project of the Government is located at the Parliament House Annexe.
  • This was done as a part of Swachhata Pakhwada being observed by the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs from April 16th to 30th, 2018.
  • e-Vidhan is a project to digitize and make the functioning of State Legislatures in India paperless.
  • The Government expects the project to contribute to the cleanliness & environment by reducing the use of papers to a great extent.
INTERNATIONAL

Swaziland king renames country Kingdom of eSwatini

The king of Swaziland, Africa’s last absolute monarchy, has announced that his country has changed its name to the Kingdom of eSwatini to mark 50 years since independence from British rule.

The new name, eSwatini, means "land of the Swazis". The change was unexpected, but King Mswati has been referring to Swaziland for years as eSwatini.

The name change could mean the country’s constitution is rewritten, as well as changes for the royal Swaziland police force, the Swaziland defence force and the University of Swaziland.

Romania to move Israel embassy to Jerusalem

The leader of Romania’s ruling Social Democrats said the government had approved a memorandum to move its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem from Tel Aviv, one of the first countries to do so following the United States.

“Yesterday, the government adopted a memorandum deciding to start the procedure to effectively move the embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem,” Social Democrat leader and lower house speaker Liviu Dragnea told private television station Antena3 late on Thursday.

Dragnea keeps a tight grip on his party and is seen as effectively in charge of the cabinet.

“Such a decision must be taken only after consulting and securing the approval of all foreign policy and national security institutions, with a final decision belonging to the President, according to the constitution.”

Commonwealth Countries Unanimously Agree to Take Action on Cybersecurity by 2020

In a landmark declaration at the end of Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting (CHOGM) in London, the leaders of 53 countries agreed to work closely to evaluate and strengthen their cybersecurity frameworks and response mechanisms.

Commonwealth Countries Unanimously Agree to Take Action on Cybersecurity by 2020

A release issued, termed the declaration as the world's largest and most geographically diverse inter-governmental commitment on cybersecurity cooperation.

It followed an announcement by the UK government pledging up to 15 million pounds to help the Commonwealth nations strengthen their cybersecurity capabilities. It also aims to tackle criminal groups and hostile state actors who pose a global threat to security.

The leaders also expressed their strong support for the multilateral trading system and adopted a six-point connectivity agenda to boost trade and investment links across the Commonwealth.

SCIENCE & Technology

New method for faster typhoid diagnosis

  • Indian scientists have developed a rapid and accurate method for diagnosis of typhoid.
  • The significance of the method is that it requires minimal blood quantity, besides being accurate and potentially cost-effective.
  • Blood-culture based diagnosis of enteric fever, used at present, is time-consuming and requires skilled practitioners and costly instruments.
  • The method, according to the study, has the potential for clinical use due to its high detection levels and ability to identify cells which can cause disease in a quicker turnaround time.
  • Typhoid Fever is a gastrointestinal infection caused by Salmonella enterica typhi bacteria.
  • It is transmitted from person to person through the fecal-oral route where an infected individual passes the infection to another person when handling food and water.
SPORTS

16th Federation Cup Junior National Athletics Championship Begins

The 16th Federation Cup Junior National athletics championship has begun in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.

Over 800 athletes from 32 states across the country will take part in the 16th Federation Cup Junior National athletics championship, beginning at Coimbatore on Friday.

The three-day event will see 440 boys and 352 girls in the age group of 16 to 20 years take part in 44 events.

LIFE

Champaner-Pavagadh Archeological Park

  • The park is located in the Panchmahal district of Gujarat.
  • It was inscribed as the World Heritage Site in 2004.
  • The city of Champaner was founded during the time of the Rajput king Vanraj Chavda of the Chavda dynasty in the 8th century.
  • The archaeological park comprises Hindu and Jain temples and several mosques, along with citadels, a palace, military structures and stunning water installations.
  • Most of the temples date back to 14-15th centuries, with the oldest from 10th century which is the Shaivite Lakulisa temple.
  • The park may derive its name from the
  1. Pavagadh hill that is made of reddish-yellow coloured stones, one of the oldest rock formations found in the country.
  2. Pigmentation of the igneous rocks of the Pavagadh Hill is often compared to the ‘champaka’ flower or that resemble the flames of fire from which it derives the name Champaner for the town.
  • The most interesting feature of the city is its water installation system which is why it is also called as the ‘city of thousand wells’.