Current Affair of 28 April 2018, Exam View.

Current Affair 28 April 2018

Van Dhan Scheme launched by PM to help increase tribal income

The Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Modi launched the Van Dhan Scheme of Ministry of Tribal Affairs and TRIFED on 14th April, 2018 during the celebrations of Ambedkar Jayanti at Bijapur, Chattisgarh. Emphasizing the important role of value addition in increasing tribal incomes, he stated that Van Dhan, Jan Dhan and Gobar-Dhan Schemes had the potential to change the tribal-rural economic system

Under Van Dhan, 10 Self Help Groups of 30 Tribal gatherers is constituted. They are then trained and provided with working capital to add value to the products, which they collect from the jungle. Working under the leadership of Collector these groups can then market their products not only within the States but also outside the States.

Training and technical support is provided by TRIFED. It is proposed to develop 30,000 such centres in the country.

The Van Dhan Vikas Kendras will be important milestone in economic development of tribals involved in collection of MFPs by helping them in optimum utilization of natural resources and provide sustainable MFP-based livelihood in MFP-rich districts.

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Agri Min launches portal to help export of seeds

Agri Minister launched a portal to facilitate export-import of seeds and planting material.

Minister said all prohibitions imposed on the export of seeds of different varieties have been removed so as to encourage export of seeds.

NITI Aayog VC: India to grow at 7.5%

Niti Aayog Vice Chairman Rajiv Kumar expects India's economy to grow by at least 7.5 per cent in 2018-19 on the back of improvement in investment cycle and capacity utilisation.

"The economic environment is extremely positive and optimistic. The investment cycle has certainly turned upwards. The capacity utilisation has risen to 74 per cent. The inflation is still well under the target.

The economy is expected to grow at 6.6 per cent in 2017-18.

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A historic event: North-South Korea meet

Kim Jong-un has pledged a "new history" in relations with his neighbour as he became the first North Korean leader to set foot in South Korea since the end of the Korean War in 1953.

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Government to soon acquire RBI's stake in National Housing Bank

e government will soon acquire the stake of Reserve Bank of India in housing finance regulator National Housing Bank (NHB).

The Finance Bill 2018 has amended to the National Housing Bank Act, 1987, for transferring RBI's stake in the NHB to the government.

It was the Narasimhan Committee that recommended the transfer of RBI's stake in State Bank of India, NABARD and NHB to the government to differentiate the central bank's role as the owner of banks and the sector regulator.

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Fejervarya goemchi

  • Scientists have identified a new species of frog called Fejervarya goemchi in the highland plateaus of the Western Ghats parts of Goa.
  • The new species is named after the historical name of the state of Goa where the species is discovered.
  • Most of these frogs are terrestrial, but they need water bodies to survive.
  • The new species is found in the high elevation areas of laterite plateaus, temporary water bodies and paddy fields of Goa.

Planet darker than charcoal

  • Scientists have discovered a ‘pitch black’ planet 470 light-years away that absorbs 99% of light.
  • This is one of the darkest planets ever discovered — reflecting very little light from its host star.
  • The planet, named WASP-104b, was discovered by using NASA’s Kepler telescope to show that it is ‘darker than charcoal.’
  • The planet was discovered orbiting a yellow dwarf star some 470 light-years away from earth in the constellation Leo.
  • It is categorized as a ‘hot Jupiter’ planet, denoting gas giant planets of a similar mass to Jupiter, but is located much closer to their host stars - making them very hot.