Current Affair of 09 May 2018. Read Important Current Affairs for UPSC/SSC/Bank and other state exam

Current Affair 09 May 2018

Gandhinagar team takes initial steps to develop a vaccine for leptospirosis

A key peptide that can be used to develop a new preventive vaccine against leptospirosis has been successfully identified by researchers from the Gujarat Biotechnology Research Centre, Gandhinagar.

  1. Leptospirosis is an emerging tropical infectious disease, and currently there is no preventive vaccine for humans that is available in the market
  2. The researchers used computer-based analysis to study the whole protein set of the bacteria Leptospira interrogans and narrowed the search down to one effective immunogenic protein.
  3. This protein was found to be present in almost all the serovars (different types within a species) of the bacteria and can be an effective vaccine candidate against most serovars.
  4. The proteome (entire protein set) of a serovar Copenhageni strain was studied using bioinformatics (computational biology analysis) approach.

NITI Aayog, Google in partnership to grow AI ecosystem in India

NITI Aayog is partnering with tech giant Google to work on a range of initiatives to help build Artificial Intelligence (AI) ecosystem across the country.

  1. NITI Aayog will setup a national programme to perform research and development in advanced technologies like Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  2. Google and NITI Aayog will conduct hands-on training programmes that aim to sensitise policymakers and technical experts in governments about relevant AI tools and how they can be used to streamline governance.
  3. Further, Google will also bring its online training courses on AI and machine learning (ML), such as Google’s Machine Learning Crash Course to students, graduates and engineers to different cities across India in the form of study groups and developer-run courses.
  4. There is an incubation programme wherein start-ups working in AI/ML space will be mentored by Google to better leverage AI in their respective business models.

‘1st Apex Conference for CEOs of Smart Cities’ in Bhopal Inaugurated

  1. Mr Hardeep Puri, Minister of State (I/C) for Housing & Urban Affairs inaugurated the 'First Apex Conference for the CEOs of Smart Cities' in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. Since its launch in June 2015, the Smart Cities Mission (SCM), has been one of the most transformational urban missions.
  2. The two-day conference is being organised for providing a platform for cross-learning and knowledge sharing among the Smart City CEOs.

India to Host 15th Asia Media Summit

The Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in collaboration with the Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC), New Delhi and Broadcast Engineering Consultants India Limited (BECIL), would be hosting the 15th Asia Media Summit (AMS-2018) in New Delhi from May 10-12, 2018.

Asia Media Summit
  1. The summit would be organised in two parts pre-summit workshop (8-9) and summit (10-12).
  2. It is expected to see in attendance participants from organizations such as ministries responsible for information and broadcasting in the Asian region, international organizations like UNESCO, FAO, UN, radio and television broadcasting companies, television channels and media research and broadcast equipment manufacturers.
  3. It would provide a unique opportunity for broadcasters in the Asian region to share their thoughts on software and hardware aspects of Broadcasting.
  4. It would also provide opportunities for networking, facilities for business to business meetings and prospective translation of these meetings into trade and economic relations after the summit.

About AIBD: Established in 1977, the Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development (AIBD) is a unique regional inter-governmental organisation servicing countries of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-ESCAP) in the field of electronic media development.

First Integrated Smart Cities Control Centre Launched In MP

Madhya Pradesh government launched the country's first Integrated Control and Command Centre (ICCC) in major step towards realising the Centre's smart city mission (SCM) for all seven smart cities of the state in Bhopal.

  1. The ICCC, installed in a building in Barkheda area of the state capital, would enable the authorities to monitor the status of various smart civic amenities in real-time through the sensors connected to it.
  2. Bhopal, Indore, Ujjain, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Satna, and Sagar are the seven smart cities under SCM in Madhya Pradesh.
  3. Madhya Pradesh has now come out from the category of BIMARU states. The growth of the state remained in two digits. The state has recorded the highest growth in agriculture in the country,

India Ranks 4th in Asia-Pacific On Power Index

  1. India has ranked fourth out of 25 nations in the Asia-Pacific region on an index that measures their overall power. The US has topped the list. India has been pegged as a “giant of the future”
  2. The Lowy Institute Asia Power Index measures power across 25 countries and territories in the Asia-Pacific region, reaching as far west as Pakistan, as far north as Russia, and as far into the Pacific as Australia, New Zealand and the US.
  3. India is ranked fourth on the parameters economic resources, military capability, diplomatic influence and fifth on resilience. 

India, Guatemala signs various agreements

  • The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has notified a protocol to amend the existing double taxation avoidance pact (DTAA) between India and Kuwait.
  • It had entered into force on March 26, updating the provisions in the DTAA.
  • The protocol, which was signed on January 15, 2017, was notified on May 4 this year.
  • India and Kuwait had signed a double taxation avoidance pact on June 15, 2006.

Asia Media Summit to be hosted by India

  1. The 15th Asia Media Summit (AMS) 2018 is being hosted by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India from 10th-12th May​ 2018 in New Delhi.
  2. The AMS 2018, an annual summit of the Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development (AIBD) Kuala Lumpur, is a prestigious summit in the Asia Pacific Region.
  3. The theme of the summit is “Telling Our Stories – Asia and More”.

World Red Cross Day: 8th May

The day is celebrated internationally in order to reduce their suffering and enable them to live a more dignified life. The idea is to protect them from emergencies and natural disasters such as epidemics, earthquakes and floods. The day is celebrated in Red Cross Organisations across the world by helping people with independence, humanity, impartiality, universality, unity and neutrality - the fundamental principles of the organisation.

World Red Cross Day: 8th May
  1. World Red Cross Day 2018: The day is celebrated on May 8 worldwide
  2. The day is celebrated on this day because it marks the birth anniversary of Henry Dunant, founder of the Red Cross and International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).
  3. The theme for this year's World Red Cross Day is "Memorable smiles from around the world."
  4. International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. The day was first celebrated in 1948 when it was officially named as World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day.

Venkaiah Naidu 3-Nation Visit: India, Guatemala Sign Agreement in Education Sector

A pact has been signed between India and Guatemala for strengthening diplomatic cooperation through Respective Foreign Service Institutes in the educational field.


Sachin Tendulkar, Anurag Thakur launch ‘Khel Mahakumbh’

Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) MP Anurag Thakur and cricket legend Sachin Tendulkar launched ‘Star Khel Mahakumbh’ in Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh, in the presence of 1500 athletes.

  1. The aim of the event is to attract participation from at least 100000 youngsters from Anurag Thakur’s Hamirpur constituency.
  2. The Khel Mahkumbh will have competitions in volleyball, cricket, basketball, football, kabaddi and athletics.
  3. The event seeks participation from youth across 5000 villages and 800 panchayats, including the most remotest ones.
  4. Anurag Thakur has stated that over Rs 1 crore will be invested in this project over the period of next five years.

Commission approves modern animal-free testing for drugs

  • In a step that would spare animals from suffering due to drug experiments, the Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission has approved modern, animal-free tests for drug manufacturers.
  • In the 2018 edition of Indian Pharmacopoeia, that provides guidelines on tests for drugs manufactured and marketed in India, the IPC has replaced the pyrogen test carried out on rabbits and the abnormal toxicity test carried out on guinea pigs and mice with tests that can be done in test tubes. The guidelines in the edition will come into effect from July 1.
  • The pyrogen test is carried out to check impurity or substance that can cause adverse side-effects. For the test, the drug is injected into a rabbit and the animal is closely observed for feverish symptoms.
  • The abnormal toxicity test is carried out to check potential hazardous biological contamination in vaccine formulations.
  • This batch test is done before the product is approved for marketing. In this, mice or guinea pigs are injected with the vaccine. The scientists observe if there is death of any animal.
animal-free testing for drugs
  • With the Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission’s new mandate, the pyrogen test will be replaced by a bacterial endotoxin test or a monocyte activation test which can be carried out in test tubes. Vaccine manufacturers can apply for the waiver for the abnormal toxicity test by getting a compliance certificate from the National Control Laboratory instead.
  • People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) India has been pushing for doing away with the cruel methods of testing on animals for the past several years.
  • Tests like the one for abnormal toxicity have been removed by the U.S. and European pharmacopoeia as they are not an efficient marker.

Water ice hidden on the Moon

  • A team from the Tohoku University in Japan found the mineral, called moganite, in a lunar meteorite discovered in a desert in northwest Africa.
  • It points to the presence of abundant hidden reserves of water ice under the surface of the moon.
  • It could be potentially useful for future human exploration.
  • Moganite is a crystal of silicon dioxide.
  • The mineral is known to form on the earth in specific circumstances in sedimentary settings from alkaline fluids.
  • It has never before been detected in samples of lunar rock.
  • The mineral formed on the surface of the moon in the area called Procellarum Terrane.
  • As water originally present in lunar dirt evaporated due to exposure to strong sunlight water remains as ice in the subsurface.
This article is subject to copyright under techaak