14th August 2018 Current Affairs from The Hindu and PIB . Read Important Current Affairs for UPSC/SSC/Bank and other state exam

Current Affairs 14 August 2018 The Hindu, PIB

Santhali Becomes India’s 1st Tribal Language To Get Own Wikipedia Edition

Santhali has become the first Indian tribal language to get a Wikipedia edition in its own script after the Santhali Wikipedia went live earlier this month.

Santhali Wikipedia
  • Wikipedia contributors from India, Bangladesh and Nepal generated the content to make this page possible.
  • It presently has content of about 70,000 words.
  • Santhali is written in Ol Chiki script and spoken by 6.4 million people, according to the 2001 census, in India alone and its speakers live mostly in Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha and Assam. It is also spoken in Bangladesh and Nepal.

Nepal-India Literature Festival 2018 Begins in Birgunj

Nepal-India Literature Festival 2018 has begun in Birgunj, Nepal. Inaugurating the festival Chief Minister of Province 2 Mohammad Lalbabu Raut said that it will play an important role in further strengthening Indo-Nepal ties

Nepal-India Literature Festival 2018
  • Both countries have age old religious, cultural and social relations and literary exchange will further boost.
  • On this occasion eminent writers from both the countries were also felicitated. Around 250 participants from India and Nepal attending the two day festival. The event is organised by Nepal India Co-operation Forum.

    Former Lok Sabha Speaker Somnath Chatterjee Passes Away

    Former Lok Sabha speaker Somnath Chatterjee passed away. He was 89 years old.

    Somnath Chatterjee Passed Away

    He was the Speaker of the Lok Sabha from 2004 to 2009 during the UPA government. He was defeated only once in 1984 by Mamata Banerjee, who incidentally came to limelight with this win.

    He became a Member of the Lok Sabha in 1971 and the first time, he was elected as an independent candidate supported by the CPM.

    Anti-begging Act and Criminal Tribes: Legacy of injustice

    Delhi High Court decriminalised beggary by striking down, as unconstitutional, certain sections of the Bombay Prevention of Beggary Act, 1959, as extended to Delhi. There being no central Act on beggary, many states and Union Territories have used the Bombay Act as the basis for their own laws. The order, on a petition by Harsh Mander and Karnika Sawhney, is the first in the country to strike down provisions of the 1959 Act.

    What is the order?

    Among the 25 provisions struck down are those permitting the arrest, without a warrant, any person found begging, taking the person to court, conducting a summary inquiry and detaining the person for up to 10 years. “People beg on the streets not because they wish to, but because they need to…

    The government has the mandate to provide social security for everyone, to ensure that all citizens have basic facilities, and the presence of beggars is evidence that the state has not managed to provide these to all its citizens,” ruled the Bench of Delhi Acting Chief Justice Gita Mittal and Justice C Hari Shankar.

    Judical Review

    • In its judgment (Harsh Mander v. Union of India and Karnika Sawhney v. Union of India), Delhi HC held that the Begging Act violated Article 14 (equality before law) and Article 21 (right to life and personal liberty) of the Constitution.
    • It also held that under Article 21 of the Constitution, it was the state’s responsibility to provide the basic necessities for survival to all its citizens.
    • Poverty was the result of the state’s inability or unwillingness to discharge these obligations. Therefore, the state could not turn around and criminalise the most visible and public manifestation of its own failures.

    Government Provides Fund of Rs 66000 crore To Increase Country's Forest Cover

    The Union Government has unlocked green funds worth over Rs 66,000 crore to increase the country’s forest cover.

    The fund is an accumulated amount of money, which user agencies have been depositing as compensation for diverting forest land for non-forest purposes, including industries and infrastructure, since the past 10 years

    ISRO set to launch its TV channel

    The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will have an year-long Vikram Sarabhai centenary celebration starting in August 2019 to honour the visionary scientist and its legendary founding father.

    In a few months’ time, it plans to roll out a dedicated ISRO TV channel showcasing space applications, developments and science issues, targeting young viewers and people in remote areas in their language.

    ISRO to launch TV Channel
    • The move is to commemorate Vikram Sarabhai centenary celebration.

    ISRO’s tributes to Sarabhai start with naming the first Indian moon landing spacecraft of the Chandrayaan-2 mission ‘Vikram’. The mission is planned for early 2019. A chair each at Sarabhai's two alma maters, Cambridge University and Gujarat University, as also at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), would be set up, apart from giving awards, scholarships and fellowships in the country and abroad, ISRO Chairman K. Sivan said at a news conference on Sunday, the 99th birthday of the legend.

    Ischemic Stroke

    • Deprived of oxygen and other nutrients, the brain suffers damage as a result of the stroke.
    • Ischemic stroke is a condition caused by a dysfunction in the supply of blood to the brain.
    • Ischemic stroke can be divided into two main types:
    1. Thrombotic stroke - It occurs when diseased or damaged cerebral arteries become blocked by the formation of a blood clot within the brain.
    2. Embolic strokes - It is caused by a blood clot or plaque debris that develops elsewhere in the body and then travels to one of the blood vessels in the brain through the bloodstream.

    Caspian Sea

    • The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea.
    • It is an endorheic basin (a basin without outflows) located between Europe and Asia.
    • It is bounded by Kazakhstan to the northeast, Russia to the northwest, Azerbaijan to the west, Iran to the south, and Turkmenistan to the southeast..
    • Recently the five nations which shares borders with Caspian Sea has signed a deal to share the resource-rich Caspian Sea after more than two decades of dispute.