15-16th August 2018 Current Affairs from The Hindu and PIB . Read Important Current Affairs for UPSC/SSC/Bank and other state exam

Current Affairs 15-16 August 2018 The Hindu, PIB

India rejects U.K.'s DNA test plan for finding illegal migrants' nationality

India has rejected a proposal of the United Kingdom to use DNA sampling to establish the nationality of illegal migrants living there, citing “privacy issues”.

  • According to the original pact or MoU, security agencies in India were to verify the antecedents of illegal migrants without documents in the U.K. within 72 days and those with documents within 15 days.
  • According to the British government’s estimates, there are around 1,00,000 Indians overstaying their visa in the U.K.

  • Pune tops Ease of Living index; Patna ranked lowest of 111 cities

    Three cities in Maharashtra — Pune, Navi Mumbai and Greater Mumbai — top the first Ease of Living Index brought out by the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. The national capital, New Delhi, is ranked 65 among 111 cities, while Chennai is in 14th place. Kolkata did not participate in the survey.

    Living Index is calculated on the bases of ?

    A city’s ranking reflects its ability to provide data, as well as its actual performance on four different parameters

    • institutions or governance
    • social indicators
    • economic indicators and physical infrastructure

    Blue stickers for petrol, CNG; orange for diesel

    The Supreme Court is agreed to a proposal of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) to have hologram-based coloured stickers on vehicles to indicate the nature of the fuel used in them.

    • Light blue colour for petrol and CNG-run vehicles
    • orange colour would be placed on diesel vehicles.

    A rainbow coalition: Kerala is becoming a transgender-friendly society

    More than a decade ago, Kerala was hostile towards transgender individuals, but now surprisingly it is increasingly becoming a transgender-friendly society.

    Kerala: A case study of the Transgender Rights

    More than a decade ago, Kerala was the worst State to be in for transgender individuals. They had to flee the state .A decade later, the State is a different place. The socio-cultural landscape has changed to tolerate an increasing visibility of TGIs, with the result that those who had fled the State are returning.

    Strong political will:

    • Politicians and administrators acting to reform social attitude
    • The ‘State Policy for Transgender in Kerala 2015’, which aimed to provide the “right to live with dignity” reflected this political will.
    • The respective governments walked the extra mile to implement the policy.
    • Kochi Metro set an example by allotting a jobs quota.
    • Village and district panchayats and municipalities have been tasked with finding jobs, running special training and skills programmes and welfare projects.
    • Police harassment has fallen The TGI rights scene is shining.
    • A TG Justice Board addresses issues of discrimination and violence while a TG cell in the Social Justice Department handles issues such as housing.

    Next Generation Offshore Patrol Vessels

    • The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) has accorded approval for the procurement of 6 Next Generation Offshore Patrol vessels (NGOPVs) for the Indian Navy.
    • It will be indigenously designed and manufactured.
    • It will be fitted with state-of-the-art sensor suite with increased endurance.
    • It will strengthen maritime security by its maritime interdiction operations, search & seizure operations, surveillance missions, anti-piracy missions, anti-poaching and humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.

    Ayushman Bharat National Health Protection Scheme (AB-NHPS)

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi is likely to announce the launch of the Ayushman Bharat-National Health Protection Scheme (AB-NHPS) on a pilot basis in some states tomorrow on the occasion of Independence Day.

    Ayushman Bharat National Health Protection Scheme

    The ambitious Ayushman Bharat-National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM) aims to provide a coverage of Rs 5 lakh per family annually, benefiting more than 10 crore poor families.

    AB-NHPM will subsume the on-going centrally sponsored schemes — Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and the Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS).

    Salient features of the AB-NHPM scheme:

    • This scheme has the benefit cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year. The target beneficiaries of the proposed scheme will be more than 10 crore families belonging to poor and vulnerable population based on SECC database.
    • The Rs. 5 lakh per family a year cover will take care of almost all secondary care and most of tertiary care procedures. To ensure that nobody is left out (especially women, children and elderly) there will be no cap on family size and age in the scheme.
    • The benefit cover will also include pre- and post-hospitalisation expenses.
    • All pre-existing conditions will be covered from day one of the policy.
    • A defined transport allowance per hospitalisation will also be paid to the beneficiary.
    • Also, benefits of the scheme are portable across the country and a beneficiary covered under the scheme will be allowed to take cashless benefits from any public/private empanelled hospital across the country.
    • AB-NHPM will be an entitlement based scheme with entitlement decided on the basis of deprivation criteria in the SECC database.

    Swadesh Darshan Scheme

    • It is one of the flagship scheme of Ministry of Tourism for development of thematic circuits in the country in a planned and prioritised manner.
    • It is a central sector scheme.
    • The following thematic circuits have been identified, for development namely North-East India Circuit, Buddhist Circuit, Himalayan Circuit, Coastal Circuit, Krishna Circuit, Desert Circuit, Tirtankar circuit, Tribal Circuit, Eco Circuit, Wildlife Circuit, Rural Circuit, Spiritual Circuit, Sufi circuit, Ramayana Circuit and Heritage Circuit.
    • The first project under the Scheme and North-East India Circuit is going to be inaugrated in Manipur.
    • The project covers two sites i.e. Kangla Fort and Khongjom.
    • The completion of the projects sanctioned under the scheme would result in increased tourist inflow thereby creating employment opportunities for the local community.
    • It is different from "PRASAD" scheme of Ministry of Tourism.
    • National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive (PRASAD) focus on development and beautification of the identified pilgrimage destinations.

    Rupee continues its free fall, hits new low in opening trade

    The rupee on Thursday failed to arrest its slide, hitting a new all-time low of 70.32, plunging further 43 paise against the US dollar in opening trade.

    At the Interbank Foreign Exchange, the local currency opened at a record low of 70.25 a dollar, down from its previous close of 69.89, and weakened further to trade at a fresh low of 70.32.

    Why is the rupee falling continuously?

    There has been a sharp depreciation in the rupee and it breached the 70 mark for the first time. (Rs.70= 1 dollar)

    The value of Indian Rupee (or any other currency) is determined by the market. The demand and supply forces in the currency market. If the demand for Indian currency is high, Indian rupee will have high value, and if demand is low, it will depreciate.

    Also, understand that a high value for Indian currency means, the exchanged rate of the Indian rupee against US dollar will be less. Or to explain with an example: Rs.40 against 1 US dollar means high value for Indian rupee when compared with Rs.70 against 1 US dollar.

    So, if market forces determine the value of a currency, that type of system is called Floating Rate System. India has adopted floating rate system since 1975.

    If the government or RBI fix the exchange rate of a currency (and does not allow any variations according to demand and supply forces in the market), such a system is called Fixed Rate system. It is also called Bretton Woods system or Pegged Currency System. India was following this kind of system till 1975 and partial controls till 1993.

    1. Increase in the price of the crude oil
    2. Tariff war scare (esp. between the USA and China)
    3. Increasing trade deficit of India
    4. Reduced capital flows to emerging economies
    5. Political Uncertainty

    Film Actor Akshay Kumar Becomes Brand Ambassador For Road Safety Campaigns

    Union Minister for Road Transport & Highways, Shipping, Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Shri Nitin Gadkari today launched three short films for generating public awareness towards road safety. Film actor Shri Akshay Kumar has featured in these films, which are directed by Shri R.Balki. In a function attended by MoS Shri Mansukh L Mandavia in New Delhi, Shri Gadkari announced the appointment of Shri Akshay Kumar as Road Safety Brand Ambassador.

    Appreciating Akshay Kumar’s concern for social activism, the Minister recalled his recent movies ‘Padman’and ‘Toilet : Ek Prem Katha’ which have gone a long way in passing the government’s message of cleanliness and hygiene. Shri Gadkari called upon people to adopt good practices in road safety to build a better society free of accidents.

    NITI Aayog launches ‘Pitch to MOVE’ for startups

    NITI Aayog on August 14, 2018 launched ‘Pitch to MOVE’, a mobility pitch competition that aims to provide budding entrepreneurs of India with a unique opportunity to pitch their business ideas to a distinguished jury.

    Pitch to MOVE

    The objective is to harness the latest disruption for generating employment and growth in the country.

  • The mobility pitch competition is open primarily to startups from various parts of India who are interested in showcasing their business ideas to jury members.
  • The startups can be from the domain of public mobility, electric vehicles, shared transport, last mile connectivity, passenger transportation, battery technology, automotive IoT, freight & logistics, powertrain/drivetrain, experiential, travel, mobility infrastructure and automotive electronics.
  • The Global Mobility Summit 2018 is scheduled to be held from September 7-8, 2018 at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi.