24th August 2018 Current Affairs from The Hindu and PIB . Read Important Current Affairs for UPSC/SSC/Bank and other state exam

Current Affairs 24 August 2018 The Hindu, PIB

President Kovind Inaugurates International Buddhist Conclave in New Delhi

President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the International Buddhist Conclave in New Delhi. The theme of the conclave is 'Buddha Path – The Living Heritage'.

The Ministerial level delegation from ASEAN countries will participate in the conclave along with delegates from 29 countries including US, UK, Germany, France and Russia. This year Japan is the partnering country for the Buddhist conclave.

PM Inaugurates Various Projects In Junagadh, Gujarat

The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi inaugurated various projects in Junagadh district of Gujarat. These included the Government Civil Hospital, a milk processing plant and some buildings of the Junagadh Agriculture University.

There were nine initiatives, worth over Rs 500 crore, which were either being dedicated, or their foundation stones were being laid.

Asian Games 2018: 15-year-old Shardul Vihan clinches silver, Ankita Raina settles for bronze

Young Indian shooter Shardul Vihan has won India’s 17th Asiad medal on Day 5 of Asian Games 2018. The 15-year-old won silver in the finals of the men’s double trap event.

Earlier in the day, Ankita Raina won bronze in tennis women’s singles event, after she lost to 4-6, 7-6 against China’s Zhang Shuai in the semifinals. The win takes India's medal tally to a total of 17 medals comprising 4 gold, 4 silver and 9 bronze.

India declines UAE’s Rs 700 crore offer for Kerala floods

Kerala’s Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan announced on August 21 that the United Arab Emirates has promised assistance worth Rs 700 crore for the state’s reconstruction. The Union Government has, however, decided to decline all offers of financial help from foreign countries.

The state has reportedly suffered damages worth over Rs 20,000 crore, which includes damaged highways covering about 10,000 kilometres, damaged buildings, crops lost and shutdown of one of the state’s three international airports - Cochin International Airport- following heavy flooding.

The state government has demanded a minimum of Rs 2000 crore to help with rehabilitation and reconstruction work.

Arun Jaitley resumes charge as Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs

President Ram Nath Kovind on August 23, 2018 reassigned the Finance and Corporate Affairs portfolios to Union Minister Arun Jaitley.

With this, Jaitley will now resume the charge of Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Corporate Affairs. The temporary charge of both the ministries was given to Union Minister Piyush Goyal as Jaitley had undergone a kidney transplant at AIIMS on May 14, 2018 and was recovering from it.

However, Jaitley continued in the Cabinet as a Minister without a portfolio. He was active on social media, and wrote blogs on various issues like National Register for Citizens (NRC) in Assam, the no-confidence motion in Parliament, and on the controversy over the Rafale fighter jet deal.

Punjab Government to make sacrilege of religious text punishable with life imprisonment

The Chief Minister of Punjab, Amarinder Singh announced that the state cabinet has approved amendments to the Indian Penal Code (IPC) to make sacrilege of all religious text punishable with life imprisonment.

The Cabinet approved the Code of Criminal Procedure (Punjab Amendment) Bill, 2018, and the Indian Penal Code (Punjab Amendment) Bill, 2018. The amended bills will be tabled in the upcoming Assembly session.

SC shocked at 2 lakh ‘missing’ children

Discrepancies in two government-commissioned surveys, both a year apart, submitted in the Supreme Court show that over two lakh children, said to be residing in childcare homes, are “missing.”

  • Discrepancies in two government-commissioned surveys, both a year apart, submitted in the Supreme Court show that over two lakh children, said to be residing in childcare homes, are “missing.”
  • A 2016-17 survey, commissioned by the Union Ministry of Women and Child Development, shows that 4.73 lakh children reside in care homes nationwide.
  • However, the number of children in care homes came down to 2.61 lakh in the data submitted by the Centre before the Supreme Court in March 2018. The data were gathered by the Centre from the States.
  • The Bench of Justices Madan B. Lokur, S. Abdul Nazeer and Deepak Gupta said they found the disparity “very, very disturbing,” and children were not just numbers.
  • The amicus curiae said that of the 9,589 childcare institutions across the country, 1,596 were overcrowded and 97 districts were without childcare homes.
  • Children were subjected to corporal punishment and other abuse in these homes. The court asked Ministry officials present how many children were missing in the country, besides these two lakhs.
  • The Bench proposed to set up oversight committees at the national and State levels to monitor the functioning of childcare homes. Counsel for the Centre sought time to seek instructions on the suggestion.

‘State can stop voluntary retirement of doctors’: right to retire is not above the right to save lives

The State can stop government doctors from taking voluntary retirement in public interest, the Supreme Court has ruled.

The fundamental right to retire is not above the right to save lives in a country where government hospitals cater to the poorest, a Bench of Justices Arun Mishra and S. Abdul Nazeer said in its judgment.

The concept of public interest can also be invoked by the government when voluntary retirement sought by an employee will be against public interest.

Restrictions in Imports and Exports

  • Central Government has recently amended the Import policy, imposing restrictions on bio-fuel imports.
  • The free import of biofuels will now be allowed only for non-fuel purposes.
  • The restricted biofuels will include ethyl alcohol and other denatured spirits, biodiesel, petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals other than crude.
  • The import of above items, which was free earlier, will now be allowed only for non-fuel purposes on an actual user basis.
  • The government in its recent notification has revised the status of export of rare earth compounds.
  • Export of rare earth compounds classified as beach sand minerals, permitted anywhere in the export policy earlier, will be regulated now.
  • It has been brought under state trading enterprise and will be canalised through Indian Rare Earths Limited.