25th August 2018 Current Affairs from The Hindu and PIB . Read Important Current Affairs for UPSC/SSC/Bank and other state exam

Current Affairs 25 August 2018 The Hindu, PIB

India, China agree to deepen defence cooperation to avoid Doklam-like standoffs

India and China decided to work towards a new bilateral Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Defence Exchanges and Cooperation to replace the MoU signed in 2006. The decision was taken during a meeting between Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and her Chinese counterpart, General Wei Fenghe.

India-China-Doklam-Issue-MoU

They agreed to increase interactions between their military at multiple levels to avoid Doklam-like standoffs along the disputed border. The two sides also decided on early operationalisation of the proposed hotline between the two armies as part of the confidence building measures.


Asian Games 2018: India clinches gold in Tennis men’s doubles, settles for silver in women's Kabaddi

The Indian tennis duo of Rohan Bopanna and Divij Sharan clinched the 5th gold medal for India on Day 6 of Asian Games 2018, after they beat Kazakhstan's Denis Yevseyev and Aleksandr Bublik 6-3, 6-4 in the men's doubles tennis event. The win takes India to the 7th position in the overall medal tally.

The day began on a high for India with Indian rowers bringing home one gold and two bronze medals. India’s Sawarn Singh, Dattu Bhokanal, Om Prakash and Sukhmeet Singh won India’s 5th gold medal by finishing at the top in quadruple sculls event. Among the expected medal winners, the most disappointing finish for India was in the women's kabaddi final, when the defending champions had to settle for silver after being defeated by Iran 27-24.


JNU to rename its Management School after Late PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee

The Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) announced that the School of Management and Entrepreneurship will be renamed to ‘Atal Bihari Vajpayee School of Management and Entrepreneurship’, as a tribute to the late Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee passed away on August 16, 2018. He served as the Member of Parliament for Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. He was a member of the Parliament for over four decades. He was elected to the Lok Sabha for ten times, and was twice elected to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house.


UDAN for International Routes

Government Unveils Draft UDAN Scheme For International Routes:

UDAN for International Routes

The Centre unveiled a draft scheme for extending the affordable air travel programme UDAN to international circuits, with state governments identifying the routes for operation. The draft International Air Connectivity (IAC) scheme envisages to increase the international ticketing to 20 crore by 2027.

According to the draft scheme, state governments will identify the routes to be connected, and airline operators will assess demand on the identified routes and submit proposals for providing connectivity.


World Bank Launches World's 1st Blockchain Bond

The World Bank launched ‘bond-i', the world’s first bond to be created, allocated, transferred and managed by using distributed ledger technology. This two-year bond successfully raised 110 million Australian dollars (USD 80.48 million).

This was the first time that investors supported the World Bank’s development activities in a transaction that is fully managed using the blockchain technology from start to finish.


Biodiversity Heritage Sites

  • The Tamil Nadu State Biodiversity Board has initiated steps to identify and declare Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS).
  • BHS are well defined areas that are unique, ecologically fragile ecosystems.
  • Under Biological Diversity Act, 2002 (BDA), the State Government in consultation with local bodies may notify in the official gazette, areas of biodiversity importance as Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS).
  • The State Government in consultation with the Central Government may frame rules for the management and conservation of BHS.
  • The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) issues the guidelines for selection and management of the BHS.
  • It covers terrestrial, coastal and inland waters and, marine ecosystems  having rich biodiversity.
  • Ameenpur lake in Telangana is the first waterbody in the country to be declared as a BHS.

A group of scientists have published a paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences deliberating on how the planet might move into a high temperature “hothouse earth” pathway from where there would be no return.


Child abuse: Discrepancies in Children care homes data

  • A 2016-17 survey, commissioned by the Union Ministry of Women and Child Development, shows that 4.73 lakh children reside in care homes nationwide.
  • However, the number of children in care homes came down to 2.61 lakh in the data submitted by the Centre before the Supreme Court in March 2018.
  • SC shocked at 2 lakh ‘missing’ children
  • Data on care homes show big disparity
  • Either the childcare homes had given an inflated number of children to get more funds or these children are missing
  • Children are subjected to corporal punishment and other abuse in these homes.
  • The SC Bench proposed to set up oversight committees at the national and State levels to monitor the functioning of childcare homes.

Provision related to Children in “Constitution of India”

  • Article 14 and 15
  • Article 21A. The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine.
  • Article 24. No child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment.
  • Article 39. The State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing— that children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity and that childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment.
  • Article 45. The State shall endeavour to provide, within a period of ten years from the commencement of this Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years.
  • Article 51A. It shall be the duty of every citizens of India- who is a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years]